The ecological condition of Mauritius
Mauritius is a SIDS, intensely vulnerable to climate change, listed on top as a country where most biodiversity has been lost. Mauritius has been among the first island-nation to have signed the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) and has also an Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) and a committee for it since year 2000. The main study was carried-out in… 2002.
Yet, despite these structures and international commitments, short term planning and real estate speculation prevails widely, causing much harm especially in our coastal zone. Environmentally sensitive areas (ESAs) are being damaged, if not destroyed, mainly by developers.
It is estimated that around 75% of the corals in the lagoons that form the barrier reef are dead. The chain of consequences is as long as it is complex, but the most immediate one is a reduction in the natural protection of coastal areas, creating relatively rapid erosion of the coasts, especially of the coral beaches. The causes are also multiple and circular, local, regional and global, which leaves little hope for the possibilities and capacities for restoration, not to mention that there are no signs of revision of the development model.